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Pre-Achaemenid Iran: Qom, Tehran, and Markazi




The Iranian Plateau has been the home of civilization for thousands of years. Recent excavations and archaelogical finds in Qom and neighboring provinces have shown that the civilizations were older and more advanced than previously thought. Near the village of Veshnoveh, south of the city of Qom, pottery and artifacts have been found as well as evidence of metallurgy dating back to 7000BCE. In Qom, near the Sarem cemetery, the discovery of pottery and other artifacts has shown the existence of an old civilization. Altars and other artifacts found point to a the existence of a religious system. Meanwhile, in the 6,000 year-old Qoli Darvish Tappe, signs point to a city that began to urbanize around 3000BCE. Around 1000BCE a fire temple was built at Qoli Darvish Tappe. Pottery, artifacts, and perhaps the first signs of writing on the Plateau were likely present at the neighboring Shad Qoli Khan Tappe. However, this historical site was destroyed under the Islamic Republics construction policies. Throughout the provinces of Tehran and Markazi skeletal and earthenware remains have been found, indicating the existence of satellite villages.


In the Tehran province on the most prominent sites is Ozbaki Tape, dating back to 7000BCE. Remains include tablets, earthenware, and small structures made of bricks. Most brick houses were covered with tree branches. Numerous villages are scattered around the area, including Yan Tappe, Jayran Tappe, and Maral Tappe. Elamite-like remains indicate trade between this locality and Elam. The region gradual developed and became more urban during the Median dynasty. Dr Majidzadeh has carried out extensive excavations of the site. For more info read the following article by Majidzadeh







Further Readings
Qoli Darvish
Qom Pottery
Veshnoveh


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