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Pre-Achaemenid Iran: Kerman, Sistan and Baluchistan




The Persian Gulf region was also home to a seafaring culture, though almost nothing is known about these maritime peoples. Many important ports are believed to have existed, especially near the Strait of Hormuz. Archaeological remains, evidence of trade between distant civilizations, and numerous citations of bodies of water to the south of Iran in the Avesta support these claims. These ports may well have belonged to the mysterious civilizations discovered in Jiroft and the Burnt City and served as a link between the civilizations of Iran and other nations. Kharg Island is believed to have been used as a station for shipping and trade. Trade would have been conducted with nations such as Babylon, Harrapa, China, Yemen, and Ethiopia.


Further Readings
Iranian Pioneers Circumnavigate Africa
Saving the Name: Persian Gulf


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